Alcohol An alcoholic is a man or a woman who suffers from alcoholism — they have a distinct physical desire to consume alcohol beyond their capacity to control it, regardless of all rules of common sense.
Alcohol dependence[ edit ] According to the DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence, at least three out of seven of the following criteria must be manifest during a month period: Tolerance Withdrawal symptoms or clinically defined alcohol withdrawal syndrome Use in larger amounts or for longer periods than intended Persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down on alcohol use Time is spent obtaining alcohol or recovering from effects Social, occupational and recreational pursuits are given up or reduced because of alcohol use Use is continued despite knowledge of alcohol-related harm physical or psychological  ICD: Alcohol dependence syndrome[ edit ] From the ICD-9 database: A person with this disease also needs to drink greater amounts to get the same effect and has withdrawal symptoms after stopping alcohol use.
Alcoholism affects physical and mental health, and can cause problems with family, friends, Alcohol dependance essay work. A disorder characterized by a pathological pattern of alcohol use that causes a serious impairment in social or occupational functioning.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial.
Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. However, about 18 million adult Americans are alcoholics or have alcohol problems. Alcoholism is a disease with four main features: Other alcohol-related disorders[ edit ] Because only 3 of the 7 DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence are required, not all patients meet the same criteria and therefore not all have the same symptoms and problems related to drinking.
Not everyone with alcohol dependence, therefore, experiences physiological dependence. Alcohol dependence is differentiated from alcohol abuse by the presence of symptoms such as tolerance and withdrawal. Both alcohol dependence and alcohol abuse are sometimes referred to by the less specific term alcoholism.
However, many definitions of alcoholism exist, and only some are compatible with alcohol abuse. There are two major differences between alcohol dependence and alcoholism as generally accepted by the medical community.
Alcohol dependence refers to an entity in which only alcohol is the involved addictive agent.
Alcoholism refers to an entity in which alcohol or any cross-tolerant addictive agent is involved. In alcohol dependence, reduction of alcohol, as defined within DSM-IV, can be attained by learning to control the use of alcohol.
The following elements are the template for which the degree of dependence is judged: Narrowing of the drinking repertoire. Increased salience of the need for alcohol over competing needs and responsibilities. An acquired tolerance to alcohol. Relief or avoidance of withdrawal symptoms by further drinking.
Subjective awareness of compulsion to drink. The Severity of Alcohol Dependence Questionnaire SAD-Q is a more specific twenty-item inventory for assessing the presence and severity of alcohol dependence.
Treatment for alcohol dependence often involves utilizing relapse preventionsupport groupspsychotherapy and setting short-term goals.
The Twelve-Step Program is also a popular process used by those wishing to recover from alcohol dependence. The contemporary definition of alcohol dependence is still based upon early research. There has been considerable scientific effort over the past several decades to identify and understand the core features of alcohol dependence.
The alcohol dependence syndrome was seen as a cluster of seven elements that concur. It was argued that not all elements may be present in every case, but the picture is sufficiently regular and coherent to permit clinical recognition.
The syndrome was also considered to exist in degrees of severity rather than as a categorical absolute.- Alcohol Addiction Treatment/Prevention In , a total of 25, people died of alcohol-induced causes in the U.S.; dependent and non-dependent use.
The death rate for alcohol-induced causes for the total population increased from % from in and in The Differences Between Alcohol Abuse And Alcoholism | Addiction Understand the differences and similarities between alcoholism and alcohol abuse whether you’re an alcoholic or not.
To understand why people drink and what are the risks that they are taking will help you not to become a victim of substance or alcohol abuse.
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In her essay, "Tv Addiction," Marie Winn compares "television addiction" to other harmful habits, and tries to convince the reader that heavy television viewing is as harmful as drug and alcohol, and it should not be viewed differently than other serious addictions.
National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism: “Alcohol Use Disorder,” “Alcohol Use Disorder: A Comparison Between DSM–IV and DSM–5.”.