Logical fallacy - An error in reasoning especially related to correct and incorrect logic. It may also be used to create a strong break in the structure of a sentence.
Directives for essays, reports, tests. Review these, and most of all note that there are different ways of answering a question or writing a paper! Examine qualities, or characteristics, to discover resemblances. Stress dissimilarities, differences, or unlikeness of things, qualities, events, or problems.
Express your judgment or correctness or merit. Discuss the limitations and good points or contributions of the plan or work in question.
Definitions call for concise, clear, authoritative meanings. Details are not required but limitations of the definition should be briefly cited. You must keep in mind the class to which a thing belongs and whatever differentiates the particular object from all others in the class.
In a descriptive answer you should recount, characterize, sketch or relate in Essay question terms form. For a question which specifies a diagram you should present a drawing, chart, plan, or graphic representation in your answer.
Generally you are expected to label the diagram and in some cases add a brief explanation or description. The term discuss, which appears often in essay questions, directs you to examine, analyze carefully, and present considerations pro and con regarding the problems or items involved.
This type of question calls for a complete and entailed answer. The word enumerate specifies a list or outline form of reply. In such questions you should recount, one by one, in concise form, the points required. In an evaluation question you are expected to present a careful appraisal of the problem stressing both advantages and limitations.
Evaluation implies authoritative and, to a lesser degree, personal appraisal of both contributions and limitations.
In explanatory answers it is imperative that you clarify and interpret the material you present. In such an answer it is best to state the "how or why," reconcile any differences in opinion or experimental results, and, where possible, state causes.
The aim is to make plain the conditions which give rise to whatever you are examining. A question which asks you to illustrate usually requires you to explain or clarify your answer to the problem by presenting a figure, picture, diagram, or concrete example.
An interpretation question is similar to one requiring explanation. You are expected to translate, exemplify, solve, or comment upon the subject and usually to give your judgment or reaction to the problem.
When you are instructed to justify your answer you must prove or show grounds for decisions. In such an answer, evidence should be presented in convincing form. Listing is similar to enumeration. You are expected in such questions to present an itemized series or tabulation.
Such answers should always be given in concise form. An outline answer is organized description. You should give main points and essential supplementary materials, omitting minor details, and present the information in a systematic arrangement or classification. A question which requires proof is one which demands confirmation or verification.
In such discussions you should establish something with certainty by evaluating and citing experimental evidence or by logical reasoning.
In a question which asks you to show the relationship or to relate, your answer should emphasize connections and associations in descriptive form.
A review specifies a critical examination. You should analyze and comment briefly in organized sequence upon the major points of the problem. In questions which direct you to specify, give, state, or present, you are called upon to express the high points in brief, clear narrative form.29 rows · Looking at the essay question in close detail will help you to identify the topic and ‘directive words’ (Dhann, ), which instruct you how to answer the question.
Understanding the meaning of these directive words is a vital first step in producing your essay. Help with understanding essay questions: 21 terms and phrases explained In most subjects, understanding and answering essay questions is a key academic skill.
At an advanced level of study, this requires not merely the description or repetition of knowledge itself, but the analysis, evaluation and interpretation of knowledge. at the essay question in close detail will help you to identify the topic and ‘directive words’ (Dhann, ), which instruct you how to answer the question.
Understanding the meaning of these directive words is a vital first step in producing your essay.
Example Essay Questions. Below you will find a selection of free essay questions which have been made available to inspire you. They are totally genuine essay questions which have been sent to us by students to help out others who are struggling deciding on their own essay question.
Words such as ‘explain’, ‘evaluate’ or ‘analyse’ – typical question words used in essay titles – provide a useful indication of how your essay should be structured. They often . These are the words that tell you what your essay should do.
It is important that you understand exactly what these words mean so that you don't misinterpret a question. Below is a list of terms describing actions you may be asked to undertake in your assessment tasks.