To conduct a serious and comprehensive lit review takes a huge amount of time, and that is just to do the reading and take your notes; then you have to write up all that you have learned. Literature review writing is something that needs to be approached with great care if you want to ensure that you are going to do a good job of it. This is especially true if you are producing this as part of your degree proposal or actual thesis or dissertation. So it is vital that you carefully plan everything that you are going to do.
Below is an example of a lit. In the last few years, prompted largely by the work of Card and Krugernumerous articles on the employment effects of minimum wage legislation have appeared.
This renewed interest in how minimum wages affect employment leads naturally to another question: What factors determine the minimum wage?
Despite the ubiquity of minimum wage legislation, this question has received surprisingly little attention. One reason may be that in the U.
Since this federal wage changes only occasionally, most U. Since the Canadian minimum wage is under provincial, not federal jurisdiction, there has been substantial variation in the level and timing of changes in the wage across provinces, thus providing the opportunity to explore a relatively rich panel data set.
To date, only one For each year he found only the union variable increased the probability of an in-favor vote - and only for Republicans, since Democrats almost universally support minimum wage increases.
An earlier contribution is Silberman and Durden who examined congressmen's votes for the amendment to increase the minimum wage.
Using variables for each congressional district, they found larger political contributions by unions and larger proportions of low-income families increased the probability of an affirmative vote, while larger campaign contributions from small business and larger proportions of teen-age workers reduced the probability.
Kau and Rubin expanded Silberman and Durden's analysis to five separate cross sections covering five legislated increases in the federal minimum wage between and They found that higher state wages and a measure of the congressperson's liberalism were always positively and significantly associated with votes for, while percentage of blacks in the state was negatively related, but not significant, in all the cross sections.
Unionization in the state's work force and political party of the legislator were never significant; the latter result probably occurred because northern and southern Democrats typically voted on opposite sides.
More recently, Seltzer explored support in both the House and Senate for the introduction of the federal minimum wage law. He found variables representing small business and low-wage workers decreased support for the bill, while ideology liberals for, conservatives against was also important.
To anticipate future problems, Seltzer emphasized that not only are some variables inevitably theoretically ambiguous a low-wage worker may rationally support or oppose minimum wage increases depending on whether job loss is expectedbut also the coefficients on some variables must be interpreted cautiously.
For example, should the coefficient for a variable measuring teen workers in the labor force be interpreted as their demand for higher wages, or does the coefficient better reflect the demands of well-organized firms that disproportionally hire younger workers?
In contrast to the U. They related the minimum wage, measured as the minimum wage divided by the average manufacturing wage, to the percentages of union workers, women, and 15 to year-olds in the labor force, the current year unemployment rate, the inflation rate, the percentage of employment in small firms less than 20 employeesand a "convergence" variable that measures average manufacturing wages in a province divided by average wages in Canada.
This model was tested with ordinary least squares for a pooled sample covering nine provinces for the years towith no fixed effects for provinces or years.
All variables had negative coefficients that were significant at the 5 percent level, except for the union variable which was, unexpectedly, negative and insignificant Statistics Canada Catalogue E Winter Card, David and Alan Kruger.
The New Economics of the Minimum Wage.A literature review can be a precursor to the introduction of a research paper, or it can be an entire paper in itself, acting as the first stage of large research projects and allowing the supervisor to ascertain that the student is on the correct path.
A literature review may constitute an essential chapter of a thesis or dissertation, or may be a self-contained review of writings on a subject. In either case, its purpose is to: Place each work in the context of its contribution to the .
WritePass - Essay Writing - Dissertation Topics [TOC]Carrying out a Systematic ReviewWriting up a Systematic ReviewBibliographyRelated This guide deals with how to write a systematic review.
Systematic reviews have become popular over the last 20 years or so, particularly in health and healthcare related areas. Systematic Literature . Literature: List the documents you included in the review. For example: 31 original investigations, one monograph, five reviews, four popular articles, one manuscript.
For example: 31 original investigations, one monograph, five reviews, four popular articles, one manuscript. Writing the Literature Review A Guide for Exercise & Sport Science, Music, Psychology, & other Majors Literature Review A Process The literature review: A .
A literature review may constitute an essential chapter of a thesis or dissertation, or may be a self-contained review of writings on a subject. In either case, its purpose is to: Place each work in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the subject under review.