View Full Essay Words: This approach holds that the family is a holistic system where all parts are inextricably and holistically intertwined and each member of the family affects the other. The school and community -- outside systems -- too affect the family, and, in turn, the individual family members have an impact on these external systems. Believing that all causes and effects have reciprocal impact, systems theory also posits circular causality where not only are multiple causes the instigation of one problem, but oen problem may, in effect, eventuate in multiple causes.
What elements of a social system are influenced by other parts of the system; how does one element of a system recursively influence the whole system? How does the behavior of different components fit together?
How does the fit between systems affect functioning? Communication patterns are organized into feedback loops which affect goal-setting behavior in systems.
Boundaries also represent the point of contact between the system and other systems. Boundaries vary in degree of permeability, the degree to which they control the flow between systems.
Customary approaches to operationalizing boundaries: Assessment of permeability and cohesion. Emotional connectedness between family members.
Feedback loop Path of communication in a system. Types of feedback loops: This type of feedback has also been called constancy loops and deviation-attenuating loops. These types of feedback are also referred to as deviation-amplifying loops or variety loops. They suggested that there are five essential processes of family interaction.
Steinglass and Wolin have integrated a family development and systems approach, suggesting that alcoholism influences families in stages which accounts for patterns of alcoholism in families.
Examples of Research cont.
Marital and Family Taxonomies Three dimensions create sixteen relationship types; the three dimensions are Cohesion Adaptability Three general types of relationships: Balanced Mid-range Extreme In general, research has revealed that balanced families will function more adequately than the other types of families.
It has been criticized for not including a dimension for competence. Marital and Family Taxonomies cont.
The Beavers systems model examines family competence e. Typologies melding systems with symbolic interactionism: GST is too vague and general, making it difficult to operationalize and evaluate empirically. Criticized for poor explanatory power because, although it provides conceptualization, it is difficult to clearly identify and measure constructs.
Criticism of subtle assumption that all parts of a system have equal power. Limitations of General Systems Theory cont. Systemic constructs often reflect sex bias.
Enmeshment is pathologized, for example, while differentiation is promoted.
This devalues a way of relating that is common to women. Clinically, emphasizes therapist neutrality. Ironically, it is viewed as not systemic enough. Interdisciplinary scholarship has demonstrated that all cultures utilize gender and generation as fundamental categories of organization, but systems theory ignores gender concerns.
More essays like this:Week Four: Systems Theory Paper Nisselly Rossell, Keri Welborn, Christie Alston, Kristy Monroe, Jennifer Bourne, Melanie Hines BSHS/ Models of Helping People . General systems theory even revives the specter of the "vitalists" and their views on "life force" and most certainly brings forth renewed questions of teleological or .
Systems theory is an extension of the humanistic perspective that describes organizations as open systems characterized by entropy, synergy and subsystem interdependence. The systems theory is one of the recent historical trends of organization and management (the other two are contingency view and total quality management).
Systems theory is the interdisciplinary study of systems. A system is a cohesive conglomeration of interrelated and interdependent parts that is either natural or man-made. Every system is delineated by its spatial and temporal boundaries, surrounded and influenced by its environment, described by its structure and purpose or nature and.
Family systems theory views the family from a system perspective. Therefore, the family is seen as a complex organisation where the components of the system interact with each other to form a whole.
The focus is on the connectedness, interrelations and interdependence of all the parts (Family-Systems-Theory, n.d., para.
3). General Systems Theory (GST) is used to explain the behavior of a variety of complex, organized systems. GST is also a process of theory construction which focuses on building universal concepts, postulates, and principles.